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Nebulae developer | Site Safety

               The Workplace Health and Safety Act 1995 and associated regulations are aimed at preventing a person’s death, injury or illness being caused by a workplace, workplace activities or specified high-risk plant. Part 3 of the Act deals with obligations to ensure a healthy and safe workplace for all.

            Employers, self-employed persons, persons in control of workplaces and principal contractors all have obligations under the Act to provide a safe and healthy workplace that minimises the risk of injury and illness to their workers, themselves and any other persons who come on or near the workplace.

             Workers and other persons at workplaces also have obligations under the Act such as complying with instructions given for workplace health and safety and properly using personal protective equipment.               Principal contractors should consider the various types of work activities that will be undertaken on the site. This allows them to consider each work activity and its impact on associated work activities. Starting dates for subcontractors and deliveries should be scheduled to coincide with the progression of the programmed work activities. Subcontractors should consult with the principal contractors before commencing work to confirm starting dates, material delivery and storage arrangements.

          Site rules should be discussed between the principal contractor and subcontractors. Discussions and subsequent rules may include:
  • Visitors to the site .
  • General workplace health and safety induction for specified work before commencing work .
  • Site specific workplace health and safety induction for specified work if required .
  • Wearing of personal protective equipment .
  • Reporting of accidents and injuries .
  • Notifying the principal contractor before new work commences .
  • Use of residual current devices & Alcohol and drugs .
  • Numerous other matters may be included depending on the type of work to be undertaken.
  • Other things the work plan needs to cover include .
  • Consideration of site access for contractors, items of plant (such as excavators, trucks, cranes, concrete pumps etc) as well as access for people such as visitors ;
    • Site emergency procedures to be developed in advance of any problems
    • Control measures for unattended workplaces and common areas in the workplace that workers may have to pass through from time to time and
    • Barricades, hoardings, gantries or street closures may be required to ensure the health and safety of members of the public.

            Before starting work, the principal contractor must discuss workplace health and safety issues with subcontractors. This can include the issues discussed above as well as the subcontractors’ workplace health and safety plans. A copy of the principal contractor’s plan, or part of the plan that is relevant to the subcontractor must be given to the subcontractor before work starts. A copy of the subcontractor’s work plan must be given to the principal contractor before work starts. Copies of the plans must be available for inspection by anyone working at the workplace.
Like principal contractors, subcontractors also need to consider in advance how they will ensure workplace health and safety. They will need to consider:
  • how the work that is to be undertaken is to be achieved.
  • will there be demolition work before any other work is to start.
  • where is the work to be undertaken. Will there be confined space work
  • who is to be involved, eg. the number of people involved will decide the amount of protective equipment needed .
  • what special skills are likely to be involved or required . will people with certificates be required.
  • what plant or equipment is needed. Suitability of the crane. The risk management process as outlined above should be applied.